Borneo (Malay: Pulau Borneo, Indonesian: Kalimantan) is the third largest island in the world and is located in Southeast Asia. It is located in the center of Insulindia. Administratively, the island is divided between Brunei, Malaysia and Indonesia. Indonesians refer to the island in the Indonesian language as Kalimantan. However, for people outside of Indonesia, Kalimantan is the area that Indonesia occupies on the island of Borneo. The Malaysian region in Borneo is called East Malaysia or Malay Borneo. The independent nation of Brunei occupies the rest of the island. Brunei is the richest nation on the island.
At least 52 new species of animals and plants have been found in recent years in Borneo’s forests, with the total number of new species identified on the island being more than 400 since 1994, according to a report by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF ). These recent discoveries include 30 species of unique fish, two species of tree frogs, 16 species of ginger, three species of trees, and one species of plant with long leaves.